The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) is a federal law that requires large private employers, and governmental employers to provide 12 weeks of unpaid leave under certain circumstances. The law allows you to take leave if you have a serious health condition, or if you have to stay home to care for an immediate family member with a serious health condition. Also, the law allows for leave for the birth of a child, or for an adoption. There are some other benefits too, but those are the main one. In order to take the leave the employee must request leave. The employer also has certain rights, like the right to request a medical certification from the employee's doctor to confirm that the medical condition meets the requirements of the act. If possible the employee has to give advanced notice of the leave. In an emergency situation when advanced notice is impossible, the employee must give notice as soon as practicable. Many states, like Connecticut, have passed their "state" version of the FMLA, so you might have some additional rights.
If you or anyone you know has a question about the Family and Medical Leave Act contact the FMLA lawyers at The Bartinik Law Firm, PC., 100 Fort Hill Road, Groton, Connecticut 860 445 8521 or toll free at 888 717 4211.